Even further, stacking one chip on top of another, both electrically and physically, has been done. But this time, we set the speed to 6 rounds per minute and move the shaft in the other direction by setting a negative number of steps. Hi Tom, I am glad the article helped you. Below is the code that will slowly accelerate the 28BYJ in one direction, then decelerate to a stop and accelerate in the opposite direction. In order to get better accuracy you will need what is called a closed loop system, where you have an independent way to measure the distance traveled with, for example, a wheel encoder. After that first half turn it happily twists back and forth almost exactly 1 revolution.

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The code above will not push this motor to its limit. Some have an exact Step Angle 8-Step sequence Internal Motor without reduction gears: Yes, the direct link is on the page I posted above.

I am going to try and drive them with the AdaFruit motor shield instead of the little circuit boards that came with them. The low cost and small size makes the 28BYJ an ideal option for small robotic applications, and an excellent introduction to stepper motor control with Arduino.


It features common-cathode flyback kln2003 for switching inductive loads. Finally a realy comprehesice tutorial about stepper motors.

Arduino + Stepper (ULN2003A)

It runs the 28BYJ steppers very efficiently they never go as hot as with the other options I tried and also xtepper acceleration which allows the stepper to get to a higher speed. Note that powering the stepper from the 5 V rail of the Arduino is not recommended.

I am not sure exactly what your application is, but I understand you need to run the motors only when some condition is met related to a button press. Thanks for your great article. This link that is referenced in the post as well.

Hi Tom, I am glad the article helped you. For example, you can typically drive stepper motors in different modes and, moreover, they have a specific gear ration. My last question is: If the stepper motor vibrates stpper of rotates, you may need to change the wiring sequence. If powered directly from an Arduino output pin, the current provided will be far less.

I am thinking of sending a pulse to both left wheels then to the right wheels. The ULN is known for its high-current, high-voltage capacity.

Arduino + Stepper (ULNA) |

Got it through Github. You can experiment with the acceleration and speed settings to see what is the best you can squeeze out. That is all I can think of right now…. How do you limit the current in your application to avoid damages to the motor? One side of the board side has a 5 wire socket where the cable from the stepper motor hooks up and 4 LEDs to indicate which coil is currently powered. I would add some code to the loop stpper will set a variable, when you press or depress the button.


Let me know, if I can help you any further! Thanks for the great tutorial. In particular, stepper motors are driven step by step. 28yb-48 you open one up you will see the tiny plastic gears.

Also, some units are better quality than others. Your email address will not be published.

Thanks for the intro. Next, we tell the stepper motor to do steps.

The gear connected to the external shaft has 24 teeth.